Madam C.J. Walker, first female self-made millionaire in US, honored with Barbie doll


(NEW YORK) — Madam. C.J. Walker, the first woman to become a self-made millionaire in the U.S., is the latest figure to be honored with her own Barbie doll in Mattel’s Inspiring Women line.

Walker, the daughter of former slaves, was born in Louisiana in 1867 and later became a successful entrepreneur who founded Walker Manufacturing Co., a manufacturing company that created hair care products and cosmetics designed for Black women. She employed thousands of Black women at her company, and after building her beauty empire, went on to become a prominent activist and philanthropist, supporting orphanages and Black colleges, and advocating for civil rights organizations and women’s rights.

In 2001, A’Lelia Bundles, Walker’s great-great-granddaughter and official biographer, authored a book about Walker, which served as the nonfiction inspiration for Self Made, the fictionalized Netflix series starring Octavia Spencer. Bundles is also the brand historian for MADAM by Madam C. J. Walker, a line of hair care products inspired by her great-great-grandmother, as well as the founder of the Madam Walker Family Archives.

Mattel first approached Bundles in October 2021 about designing a doll honoring her great-great-grandmother. Throughout the design and ideation process, Bundles said she was invited to share images of Walker and her beauty product containers, offering feedback on designs. She said Mattel even sent her a box of doll head prototypes with different facial features and hair textures for Bundles to rank.

“We were able to really combine the knowledge that I’ve developed as Madam Walker’s biographer, with their incredible knowledge of marketing and telling a story through a doll,” Bundles told ABC News.

The finalized version of the Walker doll is dressed in a purple floral printed blouse paired with a full-length turquoise skirt — Bundles said the color scheme was based on Walker’s stationery — and is holding a miniature replica of Walker’s original Wonderful Hair Grower product, an ointment that helped with many scalp issues. The doll’s packaging features a historical photo of Walker’s Villa Lewaro mansion in Irvington, New York, which served as a gathering place for notable figures during the Harlem Renaissance, such as W. E. B. Dubois and Langston Hughes.

Bundles described seeing the completed Barbie doll of her great-great-grandmother as a “full circle moment.”

“When I was 3 years old, my mother bought me a Black doll, and this was in the 1950s, so this was really unusual,” she said. “It was very hard to find Black dolls, but my mother understood the importance of me being able to see myself in a doll.”

Barbie first launched the Inspiring Women Series in 2018, dedicating the collection to honoring historical and present-day role models and trailblazers who paved the way for generations of girls.

The series has paid tribute to a diverse lineup of women including Dr. Jane Goodall, Ida B. Wells, Helen Keller, Amelia Earhart and more.

Lisa McKnight, Mattel’s executive vice president and global head of Barbie & Dolls, called Walker a “blueprint for the self-made American businesswoman and innovators of the twentieth century.”

“We’re honored to welcome her into this group of trailblazing women and introduce more kids to her journey of becoming one of the nation’s first widely successful female founders,” she said in a statement.

The Madam C.J. Walker doll sold out on Amazon and Mattel within a few days of its Aug. 24 release, garnering positive feedback from adults and children alike, according to Bundles.

Bundles said she hoped the doll would not only inspire children to break barriers like Walker did but also to teach them about “real life people who had very interesting, substantial, significant lives” rarely captured in school curricula.

“For me, it’s important that young people see themselves reflected, but it’s also important that our history be represented, the full breadth of our history as Americans,” she said.

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California legislature passes bill that could transform worker bargaining

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(NEW YORK) — U.S. labor unions enjoy their highest level of approval in almost 60 years, as high-profile worker victories at Amazon and Starbucks have galvanized public support. However, union membership — the lifeblood of the labor movement — has fallen to a historic low.

The decline of labor power stems in part from federal labor law, since employers retain wide latitude to obstruct union campaigns, labor experts told ABC News. Businesses, in turn, often push down wages and weaken labor conditions in pursuit of a competitive advantage, exploiting the lack of worker representation at their firms, the experts said.

But a first-of-its-kind state bill that cleared the California legislature on Monday could circumvent those challenges and transform the future of worker bargaining, the analysts said.

If signed by Democratic Gov. Gavin Newsom, the law would allow hundreds of thousands of fast food workers to bargain collectively over the terms of their work at large companies across the sector, rather than be forced to form a union at a single workplace and negotiate with one employer at a time. Using a newly created state-level council, California could raise pay and improve working conditions for the industry.

“It’s really significant because it’s giving fast food workers a seat at the table on a sector-wide basis,” Sharon Block, the executive director of the Labor and Worklife Program at Harvard University Law School, told ABC News.

“Once this is up and running, fast food companies can’t compete against each other based on who can drive down labor costs as much as possible to make themselves more profitable,” she added.

The bill made it through the California Senate by a margin of 21 to 12 on Monday, after the state assembly passed a version of the measure in January. It remains unclear whether Newsom will sign it into law.

The measure would create a 10-person council made up of industry and worker representatives, as well as two state officials, that could set standards across the sector on issues of health and safety, and impose an industry-wide minimum wage.

Angelica Hernandez, a crew manager at a Los Angeles-based McDonald’s, said she welcomes the potential to influence conditions at the company.

“They make us do the work of two to three people, and yet our salary is barely just enough for one person,” she told ABC News.

When Angelica began working at McDonald’s 17 years ago, she made around $7.50 or $8.50 per hour, she said. Now, she makes $17.75 per hour but still struggles to pay for what she needs, she said.

“Now, we’ll have a say to better represent what workers need across the industry,” she said.

McDonald’s did not immediately respond to ABC News’ request for comment.

The bill does have limitations. It puts a ceiling on a potential minimum wage for fast food workers at $22 next year. At that time, the statewide minimum wage will reach $15.50. Cost-of-living adjustments in the industry-wide minimum wage are required by the bill but would not go into effect until 2024.

Moreover, decisions made by the sector-wide council would only apply to large companies with 100 or more locations nationwide.

The bill marks a dramatic advance for the labor movement in its effort to organize workers, like those in fast food, who’ve struggled to improve conditions in their industries, said Mary Kay Henry, the president of the Service Employees International Union, or SEIU, one of the nation’s largest unions and a major backer of the bill.

“We think this model is a gigantic step forward for workers who’ve been excluded since the beginning of time in our country,” Henry told ABC News.

SEIU supports efforts to spread the model to other states, including worker-friendly state houses in New York and Illinois, she said. Ultimately, she added, the union aims to enshrine the model into federal law.

“Over labor history, law has always followed the militant action of workers who are fearless and determined in making new models happen,” she said.

Some industry representatives have opposed the bill. Michelle Korsmo, president and CEO of the National Restaurant Association, a trade group, warned that it will lead to increased costs for the fast food sector, which will place a significant burden on small businesses.

“It’s rare that a state legislature passes a bill that would hurt small businesses, their employees, and their customers,” Korsmo said in a statement, adding that this bill “does just that.”

“This comes at a time when inflation is at record highs and families are struggling every month,” she said.

Some precedent exists for the bill — both domestically and abroad. Workers routinely negotiate on a sector-wide basis in some European countries, including, for instance, fast food workers in Denmark.

A similar model raised wages for fast food workers in New York, where a statewide labor board in 2015 set the minimum wage for the industry at $15 per hour. It marked one of the first major victories for the Fight for $15, a labor movement that aimed to raise wages and unionize the fast food sector.

New York’s wage board — a statute that allows a governor to call a commission to investigate and raise pay for a given sector — went into effect during the New Deal era.

“Folks discovered this thing still existed, dusted it off, and tried it,” Shaun Richman, a labor scholar at State University of New York’s Empire College, told ABC News. “It made SEIU true believers of this process.”

Now, California is on the verge of implementing a law that would allow fast food workers to negotiate for pay and better conditions on an ongoing basis.

“It’s replicable,” Richman said. “There’s a tremendous amount of potential to increase union power.”

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Animal cookies sold at Target recalled for possible metal contamination

D.F. Stauffer Biscuit Co., Inc./U.S. Food and Drug Administration

(NEW YORK) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced a voluntary recall of fudge-coated animal cookies that were sold at Target stores across the U.S.

Stauffer’s voluntarily recalled its 44-ounce Market Pantry White Fudge Animal Cookies “because they may contain metal,” according to the FDA.

The affected products distributed to Target come in a bear-shaped clear plastic jug and have a best-by date of Feb. 21, 2023, with lot number Y052722 and UPC code 085239817698.

“The recall was initiated when metal (wire) was found inside a portion of the cookies,” the FDA wrote in the recall notice. “Foodborne foreign objects that are hard, sharp, and large are more likely to cause serious injury or dental injury. Foodborne foreign objects that are flexible, not sharp, and smaller in length are more likely to cause minor injuries such as transient choking or small lacerations in the gastrointestinal system.”

Consumers in possession of the product are “urged to stop consuming” it and return it to the place of purchase for a full refund.

The FDA hasn’t reported any injuries tied to the possible contamination.

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Movie theaters across US are offering $3 tickets for ‘National Cinema Day’

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(NEW YORK) — Movie lovers pained by the price of popcorn, slushies and tickets will have something to celebrate on “National Cinema Day.”

On Sept. 3, tickets at theaters across the country will only be $3 for every movie, showtime and format — a fraction of the national average price of $9.17.

The Cinema Foundation, a donor-supported nonprofit, announced a markdown and holiday to celebrate a summer of “record-breaking moviegoing.”

“The one-day event, held at more than 3,000 participating locations with more than 30,000 screens, will bring together audiences of all ages to enjoy a day at the movies,” The Cinema foundation said in a release.

The Cinema Foundation also said moviegoers will be able to see sneak peeks of upcoming films from A24, Amazon Studios, Disney, Focus Features, Lionsgate, Neon, Paramount, Sony Pictures Classics, Sony, United Artists Releasing, Universal and Warner Bros.

“After this summer’s record-breaking return to cinemas, we wanted to do something to celebrate moviegoing,” Cinema Foundation President Jackie Brenneman said in a statement. “We’re doing it by offering a ‘thank you’ to the moviegoers that made this summer happen, and by offering an extra enticement for those who haven’t made it back yet.”

Labor Day weekend is historically one of the slowest weekends in theaters, The Associated Press reported. If organizers of the deal find this trial to be successful, National Cinema Day could become an annual fixture.

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Elon Musk adds new reason for termination of Twitter deal


(NEW YORK) — The ongoing acquisition drama between Elon Musk and Twitter continues.

On Monday, Musk’s counsel sent a letter to Twitter’s general counsel and head of legal, Vijay Gadde, citing “an additional notice of termination.” Twitter responded on Tuesday by denying the allegations.

In July, Musk backed out of the $44 billion sale agreement he made with Twitter. He did so because he said Twitter provided “false and misleading representations” of multiple forms of user data including the quantity of “false or spam accounts” on the social media platform. Twitter is working to force the deal, which values the company at a share price that is roughly 25% above this week’s value.

Now, Musk’s legal team has another reason for terminating the deal, this time involving information published in The Washington Post. The newspaper obtained a whistleblower complaint filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by Peiter “Mudge” Zatko against Twitter.

Zatko, a hacker and the former head of security for Twitter, alleges multiple forms of misconduct at the social media company. In Monday’s letter, Musk’s counsel, law firm Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, argued that if Zatko’s allegations against Twitter are correct, “the Musk Parties [have] the right to terminate the Merger Agreement.” The letter singles out aspects of Zatko’s complaint including the allegations that Twitter is “uniquely vulnerable to systemic disruption” and that “the platform is built in significant part on the misappropriation and infringement of third party intellectual property.”

In a statement released to the public, Zatko’s lawyers said the security expert believes “Twitter has been, at all relevant times including today, in violation of numerous laws and regulations.”

Twitter responded by both reaffirming its view that Zatko’s complaint is “riddled with inconsistencies and inaccuracies,” and adding that Musk continues “to knowingly, intentionally, willfully, and materially breach the Agreement.”

“I think that the Skadden letter was an interesting but maybe risky strategy,” David Bernstein, who specializes in mergers and acquisitions with Goodwin Procter LLP, told ABC News. “There is an underlying implication that there is a weakness in the original termination.”

Neither Musk’s lawyers nor Twitter’s legal counsel at Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz immediately responded to ABC News’ requests for comment.

On Oct. 17, Twitter and Musk are set to face off in front of the Delaware Court of Chancery for a five-day trial. Twitter would like Chancellor Kathaleen McCormick to compel Musk to buy Twitter at the originally agreed-upon amount, whereas Musk is hoping to avoid the purchase.

Bernstein believes there is a chance that Monday’s letter from Skadden hurts Musk’s case. Because this latest letter is not supplementing the original argument for termination but rather adding a totally separate reasoning, it could be perceived as an admission that the spam account argument is not as strong as Musk had hoped.

“I’m not saying that it totally abandons the first [notice of termination],” Bernstein explained. “I’m saying that it seems to me to indicate some doubt about the strength of the first termination.”

McCormick’s decision will likely be handed out before the end of 2022.

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Labor unions reach highest level of approval in US since 1965: Gallup

Thomas A. Ferrara/Newsday RM via Getty Images

(NEW YORK) — Labor unions reached their highest level of approval in the U.S. since 1965, according to a new Gallup poll.

Seventy-one percent of poll respondents said they approve of such organizations, up from 68% last year. Prior to the pandemic, 64% of poll respondents said they approved of unions.

Support for unions peaked in the 1950s, when three in four Americans said they approved of unions, Gallup data showed.

The increase in support for labor unions arrives amid a surge of labor activity nationwide. Petitions for union elections increased 57% over the first six months of fiscal year 2022, which ended on March 31, compared with the same six-month period a year prior, the National Labor Relations Board said in April.

Union victories at high-profile companies like Starbucks and Amazon in recent months have drawn heightened public attention to labor campaigns.

Since an initial union drive at a Starbucks store in Buffalo, New York, in December, 232 additional company locations have voted to unionize, the NLRB said on Monday. Over that period, 47 stores have voted against a union, the agency said.

Meanwhile, in April, a worker-led labor organization won the first-ever U.S. union at a 6,000-employee Amazon warehouse on Staten Island, New York.

Even as approval for unions has increased in recent years, the union membership rate has dropped to a historic low.

Last year, the union membership rate fell to 10.3%, which amounted to 14 million members, according to data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The rate had dropped from 10.8% in 2020, the BLS found.

By comparison, the union membership rate stood at 20.1% in 1983, the first year for which comparable data was collected, the BLS said. That membership rate amounted to 17.7 million workers who belonged to a union.

The Gallup poll released on Tuesday reinforced the finding that the vast majority of Americans have foregone union membership. Eighty-four percent of respondents said they do not belong to unions, the poll showed.

There appears to be an opportunity for union growth, however. Roughly one in 10 nonunion workers said they’re “extremely interested” in joining a union, according to a separate Gallup poll conducted in June.

Fifty-eight percent of respondents, however, said they’re not interested at all in joining a union.

Some economists have attributed a surge in union activity in recent months to a tight labor market in which employers are eager to hire, thereby affording leverage to workers.

The U.S. economy added a robust 528,000 jobs last month, while the unemployment rate fell to 3.5%, matching its lowest level in 50 years.

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Uber rolls out new safety features including 911 texts, calls with live agents


(NEW YORK) — Uber is rolling out new safety features that will allow users to talk to a live safety agent and text 911 operators in the case of emergency.

Rebeca Payne, the lead project manager on Uber’s safety team, told ABC News about how, according to the popular ride-sharing platform, some of the features can help riders feel more comfortable and can give more access to emergency services. One feature, which Uber says will be rolled out to more than half of the country, including New York City and California, will allow users to text 911 operators for immediate emergency response.

Payne said about 55% of the U.S. will be able to use it.

“Text-to-911 is something that we started testing in 2019 in the counties that allowed for texting to their 911 call centers,” Payne said. “And so with this announcement, we are now expanding that to all of the counties that have this technology available now.”

When riders use the text-to-911 feature in the app, it will generate a prewritten message including information about the trip, such as the vehicle information and location. Payne said it’s a good way for users to “discreetly” get emergency help.

Another new feature, called “live help,” will let riders, drivers and couriers speak to a safety agent through a partnership with the security company ADT. Riders can send a message through the Uber app and receive a call or text with a trained safety agent, according to Uber. Users can then stay on the phone with that agent until they feel comfortable or until their ride ends.

“They can use that for any situation that isn’t yet escalating to the need of getting police or other emergency services like fire department or ambulance, but they may feel unsafe or uncomfortable and need someone to talk them through a situation,” Payne said.

She said that user response to the feature, which was piloted in nine U.S. cities at the end of last year, has been “overwhelmingly positive.”

The features have been added to the app’s safety toolkit, which was introduced in 2018.

In Uber’s most recent safety report, the company reported that 99.9% of the average of nearly three million rides per day had no reports of safety incidents, including car accidents, physical assaults or sexual assaults.

But the report also found that in 2019 and 2020, the company reported 3,824 sexual assault incidents. Uber reported similar rates of such incidents in previous years.

For access to the new safety features, users need to update their Uber apps. Payne said she recommends users also explore the safety toolkit in the app.

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Pumpkin Spice Lattes, fall flavors back on the menu at Starbucks


(NEW YORK) — Although temperatures are still above 70 degrees in a majority of the U.S., with a little under a month left of summer, Starbucks has already kicked off the unofficial start of fall with the return of Pumpkin Spice Lattes.

Starting Tuesday, the iconic “PSL” — made with Starbucks Signature Espresso, steamed milk, cinnamon, nutmeg, clove, real pumpkin, topped with whipped cream and pumpkin pie spices — will officially return to the coffee chain’s menu for its 19th year.

For customers not quite ready to turn to hot drinks just yet, the fall-flavored drink is available in iced or blended form as well.

The limited time lineup also includes the Pumpkin Cream Cold Brew, which is sweetened with vanilla syrup, topped with pumpkin cream cold foam and a dusting of pumpkin spice.

The Apple Crisp Macchiato — inspired by the layered apple, cinnamon and brown sugar flavors of apple crisp — will also return to the menu after its debut last season. This year, the drink is made with oat milk and Starbucks Blonde Espresso as its standard recipe.

Harvey Rojas Mora, Starbucks beverage developer, said in a statement that the “oatmilk adds a creaminess and brings forward the oat flavors of a traditional apple crisp topping.”

The Apple Crisp Macchiato will also be available hot, iced or blended throughout the season.

As for the pastry case, pumpkin is up for grabs in muffin form as well as a Pumpkin Scone and Pumpkin Loaf. The Seattle-based coffee shop chain has also added an Owl Cake Pop, made with vanilla cake and buttercream that’s dipped in purple chocolate coating.

To help celebrate the start of the fan-favorite season, Starbucks has created a “Pumpkin Portal to Fall,” a quiz-style game that tests customers’ knowledge of emojis, pop culture and Starbucks.

The company has created new designs for its whole bean coffee packages, inspired by the people and stories associated with the blends’ origin and flavor. The artwork and color scheme of supermarket Starbucks products have also been designed to help shoppers find the perfect coffee for brewing at home.

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Nude Barre fights colorism in fashion industry by offering diverse hosiery for all

Courtesy of Nude Barre

(NEW YORK) — After years of hardship as a professional dancer trying to find tights that matched her skin tone, Erin Carpenter took matters into her own hands.

A little over a decade ago, the former New York Knicks dancer founded Nude Barre, a bodywear and hosiery company that sells products in 12 inclusive “nude”-toned shades.

Today, the thriving label offers bralettes, underwear, bikinis, girl shorts, camisoles, no-show socks, fishnets and opaque tights.

“I would spend hours dying my tights and ‘pancaking’ my shoes [applying pancake foundation to shoes with a sponge to mattify and change their color], and had many friends and colleagues who were doing the same to meet the industry’s requirement of nude undergarments,” Carpenter told ABC News’ Good Morning America.

“I founded Nude Barre to face colorism head on and help alleviate the emotional and physical labor of this process for all humans, dancers and non-dancers alike,” she said.

To come up with Nude Barre’s inclusive lineup of colors, Carpenter said she conducted endless surveys, compared colors to foundation shades and did lots of dye testing.

The names of each hue were created with intention as well and based on how skin tones tend to span a spectrum like the light of the day, ultimately leading to names like “7AM” and “6PM.”

The brand’s offerings are photographed on models with a wide range of diverse body types and complexions.

“Nude Barre’s mission is to fight colorism in the fashion industry and to offer authentic true representation to people of all hues,” said Carpenter. “For decades, skin tone representation has been isolated to people with lighter skin tones, and Nude Barre is here to change that.”

Today Nude Barre’s bestselling fishnets have been worn by everyone from Doja Cat and Lizzo to Laverne Cox and Serena Williams.

Williams was such a fan of the brand that she decided to invest in it. Carpenter said the company has been able to attract high-profile investors like the tennis star because they also value representation.

“Some of our investors are customers or have had personal challenges finding intimates in their shade as I did,” Carpenter said. “So they identify with the problem we solve personally and socially.”

While Nude Barre has had plenty of success, the company’s wins have not come without some challenges. Carpenter said she would sometimes meet with manufacturers that were surprised to see a young woman at the helm of a company and would get the feeling that they didn’t take her seriously.

“Funding was very hard to secure as a woman,” Carpenter said. “The statistics around female founders getting [venture capital] funding are poor, and for Black women the stats are horrible. So while I have been extremely fortunate to have amazing investors, it was not easy and took a long time to get that to happen.”

Still, her perseverance paid off: Carpenter shared that Nude Barre has since expanded its reach by landing in well-known department stores such as Saks Fifth Avenue, Nordstrom, Bloomingdale’s and Macy’s.

She noted that the brand has been able to continually thrive because it offers one of the widest ranges of hues within the intimates and hosiery space.

“Nude Barre is similar to athleisure for your underwear,” she said. “It’s durable enough for athletes plus comfortable and stylish for everyday fashion.”

“I hope the biggest takeaway from Nude Barre is how important representation is — that we are all different, special people and that is beautiful. We should celebrate our individuality,” she added.

“My dream is that one day nude only being represented as beige will no longer exist. Nude is individual and personal. My dream is that my brown daughters grow up to always have products that represent them, and that they do not question their beauty or feel bothered,” Carpenter said.

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States banning the sale of new gas-powered vehicles

Grace Cary/Getty Images/STOCK

(NEW YORK) — California became the first state in the nation this week to issue a phase-out of gas-powered vehicles — and other states are planning to follow in its footsteps.

After the California Air Resources Board approved Thursday regulations that ban the sale of new gas-engine vehicles by 2035, requiring all new cars to run on electricity or hydrogen, California Gov. Gavin Newsom told ABC News he was confident that more states would do the same to help combat climate change.

He noted that 17 other states have already followed California’s lead and adopted its tailpipe emission standards, which are stricter than the federal government’s.

Among those, 15 have also backed its zero-emission vehicle requirements, with several states already making steps towards adopting the new regulations.

California is uniquely able to set emission standards that are stricter than federal rules, which other states can then follow. The Clear Air Act allows California to enact emission standards for new motor vehicles through a waiver granted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other states can adopt California’s standards without government approval, as long as they’re identical, according to the EPA.

Under California’s new rules, automakers cannot sell any car, pickup truck, minivan, SUV or other passenger vehicle that emits greenhouse gasses by 2035. Motorists can continue driving gas-fueled vehicles that were bought before the 2035 deadline and will be allowed to purchase used gas-powered vehicles after the rules take effect.

Here’s a look at states that have made steps to adopt California’s zero-emission vehicle standards or similar policies.


Washington Gov. Jay Inslee called California’s ban on new gasoline cars “a critical milestone in our climate fight” and said this week that his state is “ready to adopt California’s regs by the end of this year.” The state legislature had previously committed Washington to adopt rules implement California’s emission standards. This spring, state lawmakers also set a target to phase out the sale of new gas-powered cars by 2030 in its $17 billion transportation plan, though it wasn’t a mandate.


Oregon is also looking to adopt California’s “landmark” regulation, the state’s Department of Environmental Quality said Thursday. “Oregon is moving forward with a proposed rule similar to California’s Advanced Clean Cars II regulation, which is vital to help achieve greenhouse gas emission reduction targets across the state and result in improved air quality and public health outcomes,” the department said in a statement. The proposed rule would transition all new light-duty vehicle sales in the state to zero-emission by 2035. Previously the state had set a target to have at least 90% of new vehicles sold annually be zero-emission by 2035.


Earlier this month, Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker signed a sweeping climate bill into law that includes mandating that all new cars sold in the state be zero-emission starting in 2035, following California’s lead. The law also increases the state rebate for a new electric vehicle, including an additional rebate for low-income earners, and boosts charging infrastructure, among other measures.

New York

Last year, New York Gov. Kathy Hochul signed a bill into law that sets a target to have 100% of the passenger cars and trucks sold in the state be zero-emission by 2035, and medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicles by 2045.

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